This movie, a/k/a Tommy Chong A Documentary by Josh Gilbert, is a great film that should be required viewing to maintain Amerian citizenship.
Folks need to listen to the wisdom of the great Tommy Chong.
It's available on amazon com
Thursday, September 25, 2008
This movie, a/k/a Tommy Chong A Documentary by Josh Gilbert, is a great film that should be required viewing to maintain Amerian citizenship.
Wednesday, September 24, 2008
Enough is enough. This truly is an emergency and we must move ahead with doing the possible to effect climate change. This plan has been brewing for sometime and was put together in the book I sent you on using hemp for an agricultural solution to global warming- HEMP FOR VICTORY: A GLOBAL WARMING SOLUTION.
Twice now hemp farming bills have come to your desk and twice you vetoed them. I believe that there are not many people in California that know what hemp farming would mean to California. Finally the legislature gets it. The USA Hemp Museum spent 25 eight hour days on the steps of the State Capitol in the early 1990’s promoting hemp.
This is my plan. There was circulating this year an initiative petition that would legalize both hemp and marijuana in California. Enclosed is a copy of that initiative.
The Attorney General’s summary on this petition says that tens of millions of dollars could be saved on incarceration and supervision costs alone. What the AG did not do was give the people the facts about the billions of dollars in new farm hemp production in California. This could have been a fatal mistake on his part, but the AG should take heart.
The California Cannabis Hemp and Health Initiative needs to live on and both the Governor and the Legislature have it in their power to put what is literally a survival issue on the ballot. Make no mistake about it; in California the people have all the power. This is a momentous decision but is the right one, to let the people have the facts and decide. And there are reasons why we should decide and not the government.
I believe that the way to get the job done is to let the people do it. As was said before, in California the words of the Constitution are plain: “All political power is inherent in the people.”
To prove my point look at the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, passed by the people as Proposition 215. Twelve years after the people gave themselves the right to grow and use marijuana as medicine; the federal has not taken the people to court to overturn those rights.
How can that be? Here is what happened. What the people of California did was legal in every sense of the word. We followed the law. The people have the power to make law - to give ourselves rights and powers. What is true is that the Federal Constitution is the Supreme Law of the land and limits the Federal Government. Those rights to medical marijuana are not enumerated in the federal constitution and therefore through the Ninth and Tenth Amendments of the Federal Constitution those rights are up for grabs. For twelve years medical marijuana has been bringing relief to tens of thousands of California citizens despite the thug tactics of the federal drug lords. Twelve years. Isn’t this a done deal? Didn’t we win?
What this means is that we hold the power to legalize the growing of both hemp and marijuana. The California Cannabis Hemp and Health Initiative has worded a Ninth and Tenth Amendment challenge based on the above arguments. One U.S. Supreme Court has already ruled agriculture is a state right (U.S. v. Butler, 1936). Medical marijuana is both an agricultural crop and a state right already, why not hemp.
The marijuana laws are in disarray. I have been to court twice challenging marijuana laws and ran for congress as a marijuana grower. I am Curator of the USA Hemp Museum and a court stipulated expert on hemp and marijuana. Seventy years have gone by since an illegal prohibition started in 1937. Too many growing seasons lost. Enough is enough. Let’s get back to hemp. With marijuana legal there will be no need for restraints on breeding varieties for various agricultural needs such as food, fuel, paper, wood, medicine, plastics, weed suppression, burn recovery, etc. Research money will flow to California with such a commitment from the people. Hemp can save water, to plant more hemp. Hemp is a renewable and sustainable crop that must be given a priority. Both the Governor and the Legislature can recognize and act on this priority. This initiative is well thought out by those who care about hemp and its future. We cannot let that future be slowed or plowed under by some marijuana scare. There is not one reported death from marijuana consumption in 5000 years of recorded use. We must stop the lies, but understand my fellow citizens that I have inalienable rights to “enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquiring, possessing, and protecting property; and pursuing and obtaining privacy, safety, and happiness” as do you. You cannot give up these rights.
Another reason the people’s hemp and marijuana initiative should be put on the ballot is that the Legislature owes the people for passing an obviously unconstitutional medical marijuana system, S.B. 420. The words of the CA Constitution are mandatory and prohibitory. The words have to be followed; the States medical marijuana system had to be approved by the voters and was not. It is no law. The Appeals Court of California told me that S.B. 420 did not apply to me as did the Attorney General. The fact that it is being represented as law is an injustice that will be corrected by the people’s initiative.
You owe us this chance to bring new commerce and savings to California. If we can do medical marijuana, we can do hemp and recreational marijuana use. Recreational use will bring tourism, look at Amsterdam. Hemp can start to do its wonders with total freedom. Every hemp plant grown is a non-fossil fuel carbon source superior to fossil oil, coal, and natural gas. Hemp for paper, building materials, plastics can reverse global warming. Carbon offsets and credits can go to the farmer. The world needs hemp. For hemp we don’t have to start from scratch, as some 30 countries are using hemp and developing techniques and equipment for planting, harvesting and processing for the 50,000 viable uses of hemp.
Thirty-three biomass plants now operate in California that could immediately use any excess hemp production. Any farm subsidies controlled by California should be applied to further this plan to develop a hemp economy.
Richard M. Davis, Curator
USA Hemp Museum www.hempmuseum.org
Cc: Mark Leno
PRINTED ON HEMP PAPER
Tuesday, September 23, 2008
Let's get the balls to deal with our economic crisis rather than borrow against our children's future. With hemp, we can solve our problems now.
The US economy is crashing. Not just the US economy, but the world's economy too. Everyone on earth can reap the benefits of hemp, which can be made into 50,000+ products according to Richard M. Davis of the USA Hemp Museum.
Global warming, toxic medicine and materials, economic collapse can all be traced back to the attempted elimination of hemp. This simple plant could turn our economy around in a heartbeat. Every home would have an opportunity to participate in this new, green economy where a plant is grown and processed in small companies and made into safe, useful products.
A 20% recreational hemp tax would create a substantal cash flow for the people to use to solve our problems and help those affected by poor government policies like Katrina response, 9/11, war for oil, failing schools, money for healing, etc.
Here's a paper written almost 20 years ago that explains how we can use hemp to help us save ourselves from the evil and stupidity that's been in charge for way to long. Osburn talks about the way forward.
TOWARDS A GREEN ECONOMY
by Lynn Osburn
The nationwide popularity of Earth Week 1990 festivities seems to indicate the American People are concerned with the continuing degradation of the global environment. The twentieth anniversary celebration of the original Earth Day focused on ways the individual citizen can reduce waste and retard pollution.
The necessity of recycling used materials and lowering power consumption was demonstrated in a plethora of multi-media displays from coast to coast. It was indicated a change in lifestyle is needed to halt the poisoning of earth.
An environmentally conscious populace would prove to be a frugal one if those Earth Week programs were adopted.
Assuming Americans are willing to cut back on energy consumption and muster the effort to recycle their trash, are industrial corporations and energy producers willing to do the same?
Will corporate America drop the aggressive sales pitches wherein billions are spent encouraging people to buy impulsively? Will people be able to kick the mass consumption habit generations in the making? Will corporate America even entertain abstaining from the short term profit fix and consider what the consequences of quick return capitalism has done and will do to future generations of life on earth?
President George Bush's (Bush I) speech, given just days after Earth Week 1990 at the 17 nation conference dealing with global pollution problems held in Washington D.C., drew criticism from European participants. He emphasized scientific and economic uncertainties in what was seen as a White House foot dragging effort on the environmental issue.
Scientists throughout the world agree: the single most effective way to halt the greenhouse effect is to stop burning fossil fuels.
A memo prepared by administration staffers for members of the U.S. delegation read, under the heading Debates to avoid: It is "not beneficial to discuss whether there is or is not warming, or how much or how little warming. In the eyes of the public we will lose this debate. A better approach is to raise the many uncertainties that need to be better understood on this issue." Bush repeatedly stressed the need to find policies that do not limit economic growth: Environmental policies that ignore the economic factor, the human factor, are destined to fail." [Science News, April 28, 1990]
President Bush is proud of the public image his career in the oil industry presents. He is, to say the least, an energy industry celebrity. And he has gone to great lengths to represent himself as the environmental president.
If the Bush administration believes, "in the eyes of the public," they will lose the debate questioning the scientific validity of the greenhouse effect; is it reasonable to conclude they don't believe the excessive accumulation of greenhouse gasses generated by burning fossil fuels is unbalancing the global carbon dioxide cycle? Or is it possible the corporate industrial energy complex that controls the trillion dollar per year energy industry fears profit loss, and unlike the American people, is in no way willing to make a sacrifice in corporate "lifestyle" to help heal the Earth?
President Bush is right about one thing: "Policies that ignore the economic factor, the human factor, are destined to fail." In this case the economic factor and the human factor converge in the dire strait: if we do not convert from a fossil fueled economy to a biomass fueled economy, the human factor will become fossil history on planet earth.
The corporate industrial energy complex is collectively holding its breath on the topic of biomass resource conversion to replace fossil fuels. The industrial energy giants spend millions in public relations explaining how they are environmentally responsible energy producers. Yet it is the fossil fuel resources they peddle that are endangering the fragile ecosphere. The majority of scientists throughout the world agree: the single most effective way to halt the greenhouse effect is to stop burning fossil fuels.
The only way to reduce the ever-thickening blanket of CO 2 warming the earth is to grow more plants to absorb it.
It was proven in the 1970's that biomass, specifically plant mass, can be converted to fuels that will replace every type of fossil fuel currently produced by industry -- and these biomass fuels are essentially non-polluting.
Fossil fuel materials: coal, oil and natural gas were made by nature from earth biomass that lived over 160 million years ago. Crude fossil fuels contain hydrocarbon compounds that were made by plant life during the process of photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide and water were converted into hydrocarbon rich cellulose. Plants manufacture many other biochemicals in the complex and mysterious act of living, but cellulose and lignin are the compounds that give plants structure, body and strength. They are the main components of plant mass.
Nature took millions of years to concentrate the ancient plant mass into what we call fossil fuels. The eons long process that converted the once living biomass into hydro-carbon rich fossils also compressed sulfur into the fossil biomass. It is this sulfur that causes acid rain when belched out of power plant smoke stacks. According to Brookhaven National Laboratory 50,000 Americans and 10,000 Canadians die each year from exposure to acid rain.
Mankind through the science of chemical engineering can transform modern biomass into hydrocarbon fuels that contain no sulfur because the fresh plant mass contains no sulfur. And the scientific method of biomass conversion into hydrocarbon fuels requires mere hours instead of eons to accomplish.
The inherent problem with burning fossil fuels to power industrial energy systems and economies is the mega-ton release of CO 2 into the air. However biomass derived fuels are part of the present day global CO 2 cycle.
The quantity of CO 2 released into the air from burning biomass fuels is equal to the amount of CO 2 the biomass energy crop absorbed while it grew. If the energy crop is an annual plant then one years biomass fuel when burned will supply the CO 2 needed for the next year's fuel biomass growth. There will be no net increase in atmospheric CO 2.
For over 100 years industrialized nations have burned hydrocarbon fuels that are not part of the current ecosystem. The delicate balance between life and climatic cycles is being undone by injecting ancestral CO 2 into the atmosphere.
The only way to reduce the ever-thickening blanket of CO 2 warming the earth is to grow more plants to absorb it. Yet the Bush administration's plan to plant one billion trees a year will only reduce by 15% the amount of CO 2 predicted for the end of the century. However, U.S. CO 2 production (from burning fossil fuels) will rise by 35% during the same time period. [Science News, April 28, 1990]
Hemp hurds are richer in cellulose and contain less lignin than wood pulp. Hemp paper will make better cardboard and paper bag products than wood paper.
The Bush Administration's plan is futile as long as fossil fuels remain America's major energy resource. And at the rate forests are being cut down to make the paper our society is wrapped up in, a billion saplings a year will barely compensate for that loss in CO 2 absorption.
Wood happens to be the government's chief biomass candidate to replace the dwindling fossil fuel supply. Officials claim U.S. yearly energy consumption can be met by harvesting one third of the trees in the National Forests on a rotating basis coupled with more intensive silvaculture (tree farming) techniques. Estimated yearly biomass production in the National Forests is one ton per acre. [Progress in Biomass Conversion Vol. 1 Kyosti V. Sarkanen & David Tillman, editors]
The U.S. Forestry Service is the government bureaucracy promoting this ludicrous forests-for-fuel idea. However private industry has been clear-cutting without conscience timber stands not protected in National Forests and Parks. And none of that wood goes into biomass fuel conversion.
The trees of the world are the biosphere's CO 2 cycle safety valve. Trees convert CO 2 into wood. Since a tree will live for centuries, forests can gradually pull the excess CO 2 out of the air. Trees are not only aesthetically pleasing -- they are the cure for our ailing atmosphere.
Is it realistic to halt construction to save trees or ask people to stop using paper? If wood resources cannot hope to meet the demand for lumber, paper and biomass fuels, can any plant be cultivated to meet these needs?
This problem is not new. Civilizations have been exhausting vital resources and dooming themselves for many centuries. Versatility, cleverness and common sense are the hallmark of the ones that survive.
About seventy-five years ago two dedicated USDA scientists projected that at the rate the U.S. was using paper we would deplete the forests in our lifetimes. Those government scientists were endowed with common sense -- something government officials are hopelessly lacking nowadays. So USDA scientists Dewey and Merrill looked for an alternate agricultural resource for paper products l to prevent the disaster we now face.
They found the ideal candidate to be the waste material left in the fields after the hemp harvest. The left over pulp, called hemp hurds, was traditionally burned in the fields when the hemp fiber had been removed after the time consuming retting (partially rotting the hemp stalk to separate the fiber from the hurds) process was completed.
Hemp hurds are richer in cellulose and contain less lignin than wood pulp. Dewey and Merrill found after much experimentation that harsh sulfur acids used to break down the lignin in wood pulp were not necessary when making paper from hemp hurds. Sulfur acid wastes from paper mills are known to be a major source of waterway pollution. The coarse paper they made from hemp hurds was stronger and had greater folding durability than course wood pulp paper. Hemp hurd paper would make better cardboard and paper bag products than wood paper. They found the fine print quality hemp hurd paper to be equal to writing quality wood pulp paper. [ Dewey and Merrill, Bulletin #404, Hemp Hurds As Paper-Making Material, U.S.D.A., Washington, D.C., October 14, 1916.]
The only problem to implementing the paper industry resource change from wood to hemp hurds was machinery to separate hemp fiber from the hurds needed to be developed. Separation was still done by hand after the machine breaks had softened the hemp stalks. The "decorticating" machine that separated the fiber and hurds wasn't developed until the early 1930's. Even Popular Mechanics declared in 1937 that hemp would be a billion dollar a year crop because of this new machinery. And their predictions did not consider hemp's potential as a biomass fuel resource. Unfortunately, hemp was maligned. Its flower tops were condemned as marijuana and subsequently outlawed just when the fiber-hurd separating machinery was perfected.
If America had not been infected with marijuana hysteria, hemp could be solving our energy problems today. When marijuana was outlawed most people did not know "marijuana" was Mexican slang for cannabis hemp. The American people, including doctors who routinely prescribed cannabis extract medicines, thought hemp and marijuana were two different plants.
Otherwise hemp prohibition would never have happened.
Eastern Europeans were not subjected to the hysterical anti-marijuana syndrome plaguing the West. Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia among others, continued to make clothing from hemp fibers and medicines from hemp flowers. They pressed the versatile and edible oil from the seeds and used the left over high protein seed mash to make breakfast cereal and livestock feed. And they used surplus hemp for building insulation.
GREEN ECONOMY based on a hemp multi-industry complex will provide income for farmers in every state. . . . thousands of new products generating tens of thousands of sustainable new jobs.
Currently in the U.S.A. a private firm, Mansion Industries, has pioneered the use of agricultural fibers to make sturdy light weight construction paneling to replace plywood. Mansion Industries uses straw to make their Environcore(TM) panels. Based on Dewey and Merrill test results, if hemp was an available resource, Environcore(TM) construction paneling would be even stronger.
It's not too late to save our environment, but it is absolutely essential that we start now. Restoring the balance to the biosphere's ecosystem will require courage and determination, but not self-denial. We need not give up our comforts or quality of life.
America stands at the cross roads of greatness and decline. The might of weaponry will not sustain us anymore. Our chance to again lead the world will require the same kind of determination we once initiated to convert our peace time economy into war production during the 1940's. But now the "war mentality" won't help. This time we must be innovative and change the very way we produce our energy resources.
Hemp prohibition must end at once in order to inaugurate a nationwide green economy. To save the world that gives us life we must begin immediately to grow our own energy.
Hemp is the only plant capable of becoming the American biomass energy standard. Hemp grows well everywhere on earth except the polar regions. Hemp will out produce wood at a rate greater than four to one per acre in cellulose/pulp. And by analyzing pre-prohibition hemp crop reports from various States, ten tons per acre becomes a reasonable biomass production figure. Hemp will make ten times more biomass per acre than forest wood.
Wood is not a viable fuel resource. The forests are essential to scrub the excess CO 2 from the air. Soft wood forests should not be harvested for paper products or biomass -- their only economic value. Hemp can supply that need. Hardwood trees should be harvested, utilizing sustainable yield ecology, for board and finishing lumber only. Hemp will make pressed board lighter in weight and more durable than plywood.
Hemp can be grown for: crude biomass fuels on energy farms; fiber/hurds for textiles, pressed board and hurd cellulose products; seed for oil and high protein foods; flowers for pharmaceutical grade extract medicine and recreational herbal products for adults.
The Green Economy based on a hemp multi-industry complex will provide income for farmers in every state. Regions for each hemp agricultural industry application will be established through open free market competition. The historical and traditional hemp fiber growing areas in the eastern U.S. will re-emerge creating new jobs in an old industry. The economically devastated northern plains will see a boom as the nation's energy farming states. Medicinal and intoxicant grade hemp will be grown on less productive higher elevation lands. Mountainous areas have traditionally produced intoxicant quality hemp.
Ironically, the hemp medicine and intoxicant industry will generate the least amount of capital, though it is the target of prohibitionist "reefer" propaganda. The hemp seed oil and food resource industries, and the hemp textile and cellulose industries will develop thousands of new products generating tens of thousands of sustainable new jobs. Hemp energy farming will become the backbone of a trillion dollar a year non-polluting energy production industry. And the petroleum corporations need not fear this for their expertise, hardware and manpower are vital to turn the farmers' raw biomass into refined fuels.
These projections represent a tremendous boon to our flagging economy that can be realized as a by-product of saving our world from human induced biocide. If we as a society have the courage and determination to set upon this bold path to planetary restoration, we can, in our life times, leave a healthier world to our children; and a lifestyle based on renewable resources in a balanced ecosystem that our children can leave to their children for generations to come.
Burning fossil fuels is the major cause of the greenhouse effect. The forests of the world can reverse it, if the trees are allowed to grow.
Hemp is a renewable natural resource capable of providing biomass alternatives to fossil fuels. Hemp cellulose and fibers can supply the demand for all products derived from wood.
Renewable resources mean economic growth and stability.
Please share this article originally produced as a public service by: Access Unlimited P.O. Box 1900 Frazier Park, CA 93225 805/632-2644 A web search for "hemp economy" The paper is posted:
For more information on how hemp can help us save ourselves please visit the USA Hemp Museum, , a private museum with a virtual wing.
Thursday, September 18, 2008
The government of the United States of America's hemp policy is insane. The policy is designed to arrest almost a million non-violent people a year, exploding lives for interacting with a plant.
There has got to be a way to stop the government sacrificing the people for its own greedy oil and toxic medicine connections.
Richard M. Davis, the founder and curator of the USA Hemp Museum suggests the following strategy for solving the problems created by our current hemp policy.
Start where hemp is the #1 cash crop and people have a strong survival interest in restoring sanity to government. Using California's SB 420 & Prop. 215, where the people voted hemp legal, sue the CA attorney general for failing to protect the people from the federal government.
Davis recommended that Los Angeles Attorney Bruce Margolin could lead the charge.
Atty. Margolin, a true hemp hero, has been saving souls since the 1960's from the cold hands of unjust law and other evils. For over 30 years he is the Director of the Los Angeles chapter of NORML (National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws) and helped author the California Prop 215 Medical Marijuana Initiative.
From the great organization NORML.ORG is the supporting documentation on the arrest crisis we are in the process of solving:
September 15, 2008 Washington, DC: Police arrested a record 872,721 persons for marijuana violations in 2007, according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's annual
Uniform Crime Report, released today.
This is the largest total number of annual arrests for cannabis ever recorded by the FBI.
Cannabis arrests now comprise nearly 47.5 percent of all drug arrests in the United States."
These numbers belie the myth that police do not target and arrest minor cannabis offenders," said NORML Executive Director Allen St. Pierre, who noted that at current rates, a cannabis consumer is arrested every 37 seconds in America.
"This effort is a tremendous waste of criminal justice resources that diverts law enforcement personnel away from focusing on serious and violent crime, including the war on terrorism.
"Of those charged with marijuana violations, approximately 89 percent, 775,138 Americans were charged with possession only. The remaining 97,583 individuals were charged with "sale/manufacture," a category that includes all cultivation offenses, even those where the marijuana was being grown for personal or medical use.
Nearly three in four of those arrested are under age 30.
"Present policies have done little if anything to decrease marijuana's availability or dissuade youth from trying it," St. Pierre said, noting young people in the U.S. now frequently report that they have
"Two other major points standout from today’s record marijuana arrests:
Overall, there has been a dramatic 195 percent increase in marijuana arrests in the last 15 years -- yet the public's access to pot remains largely unfettered and the self-reported use of cannabis remains largely unchanged. Second, America’s Midwest is decidedly the hotbed for cannabis arrests with over 60 percent of all cannabis-related arrests. The region of America with the least amount of cannabis arrests is the West with 29 percent. This latter result is arguably a testament to the passage of various state and local decriminalization efforts over the past several years."
"Of further note, this year the Midwest saw a 13.3% increase in cannabis sales/cultivation-related arrests, while the West saw a 14% increase in possession-related cannabis arrests.
"The total number of marijuana arrests in the U.S. for 2007 far exceeded the total number of arrests in the U.S. for all violent crimes combined, including murder, manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault.
Annual marijuana arrests have nearly tripled since the early 1990s.
"Arresting hundreds of thousands of Americans who smoke marijuana responsibly needlessly destroys the lives of otherwise law abiding citizens," St. Pierre said, adding that nearly 9 million Americans have been arrested on marijuana charges in the past ten years. During this same time, arrests for cocaine and heroin have declined sharply, implying that increased enforcement of marijuana laws is being achieved at the expense of enforcing laws against the possession and trafficking of more dangerous drugs.
In fact, October 10, 2008 will mark the arrest of the 20 millionth cannabis consumer arrested under cannabis prohibition, circa 1937.
St. Pierre concluded: "Enforcing marijuana prohibition costs taxpayers between $10 billion and $12 billion annually and has led to the arrest of nearly 20 million Americans. Nevertheless, nearly 100 million Americans acknowledge having used marijuana during their lives. It makes no sense to continue to treat nearly half of all Americans as criminals for their use of a substance that poses far fewer health risks than alcohol or tobacco. A better and more sensible solution would be to tax and regulate cannabis in a manner similar to alcohol and tobacco."
For more information, please contact
For a comprehensive breakdown and analysis of US cannabis arrests, please see NORML's report: "
Also, "What If We Arrested 20 Million Americans and No One Noticed" is a featured plenary session at the upcoming
For more information on hemp's many uses to help us solve our problems, visit the USA Hemp Museum, a private museum with a virtual wing at http://www.hempmuseum.org/.
Saturday, September 13, 2008
Barack Obama is a pro hemp candidate.
Here at the USA Hemp Museum, we vote Obama-Biden '08.
If you are an American who cares about the environment, safe medicine, non-toxic living environment and have an interest in restoring wisdom to the White House, please consider voting and/or contributing to Obama-Biden '08.
Wednesday, September 10, 2008
Let's talk real change. Ready?
It's time to shift back to hemp building materials.
There is a long list of products that can be improved with hemp.
The above webeo is a demonstration of putting hemp plaster on stone.
Here's the info from the webeo.
Application of Hemp Plaster on interior stone walls of farmhouse in Switzerland.
More info on Steve Allin's website http://www.hempbuilding.com/
Music 'Chillsome' by Ajja on http://www.chillsomerecords.com/
Stay tuned for more here on how we can use hemp building materials to make safer, more environmentally friendly structures than toxic building materials. For more information on hemp please visit the USA Hemp Museum, http://www.hempmuseum.org/ a private museum with a virtual wing.
Tuesday, September 9, 2008
From: Observatory section of the New York Times comes this "revelation" that any hempster could have told folks based on results.
"Marijuana Ingredient May Fight Bacteria
By HENRY FOUNTAIN
Published: September 5, 2008
"Researchers in Italy and Britain have found that the main active ingredient in marijuana — tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC — and related compounds show promise as antibacterial agents, particularly against microbial strains that are already resistant to several classes of drugs.
It has been known for decades that Cannabis sativa has antibacterial properties. Experiments in the 1950s tested various marijuana preparations against skin and other infections, but researchers at the time had little understanding of marijuana’s chemical makeup.
The current research, by Giovanni Appendino of the University of the Eastern Piedmont and colleagues and published in The Journal of Natural Products, looked at the antibacterial activity of the five most common cannabinoids. All were effective against several common multiresistant bacterial strains, although, perhaps understandably, the researchers suggested that the nonpsychotropic cannabinoids might prove more promising for eventual use.
The researchers say they do not know how the cannabinoids work or whether they would be effective, as systemic antibiotics would require much more research and trials. But the compounds may prove useful sooner as a topical agent against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, to prevent the microbes from colonizing on the skin."
The Drug Library reports on the subject of hemp as an antibacterial agent:
THE ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT OF CANNABIS INDICA
Summary (p. 55-56)
Our study of the Mideuropean flora with regard to its contents of substances producing antibacterial effects comprehends 3,000 species from which the Indian hemp --- Cannabis indica --- grown in Czechoslovakia has been selected for elaborate investigation. A preliminary method of isolation accomplished by paper chromatography with the disclosure of an effective zone in the biological way has been described.
The most advantageous methods of extraction were determined, and the bactericide effect of the hemp substances experimentally proved in vitro on Gram-positive microorganisms: Staphylococcus pyogenes autreus haemolyticus, Staphylococcus aureus --- resistant to penicillin, Streptococcus beta haemolyticus, Streptococcus viridans, Pneumococcus Cornyebacterium diphteriae, and Bacillus anthracis.
Gram-negative microorganisms of the typhus-coli group remain resistent, as well as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus vulgaris. An excellent antibacterial effect on Mycobacterium in vitro even in a dilution 1: 150,000 could be ascertained.
A parallel between the bactericide effect of isolated, amorphous, and crystal substances, and a comparison of the sensibility of the two applied bacterial methods, both the modified Oxford method and the tests in a liquid medium was made in detail. The limit of efficacy in the maximal dilution of biologically active substance (1: 100,000) and the velocity of their effect in various dilutions were determined. The influence of inactivating factors has been studied in detail. Blood, plasma, and serum partly inactivate them and reduce their antibacterial effect.
As a conclusion, a comparison of the efficacy of these active substance[s] with penicillin and streptomycin at various pH was worked out, and a summary of hemp preparations manufactured for the purpose of clinical application in stomatology, oto-rhino-laryngology, dermatology and phthisiology has been given."
One more piece to consider from the American Chemical Society. The entire Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society is posted, Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa: A Structure−Activity Study with brief excerpts below.
Giovanni Appendino,*†‡ Simon Gibbons,*⊥ Anna Giana,†‡ Alberto Pagani,†‡ Gianpaolo Grassi,§ Michael Stavri,⊥ Eileen Smith,⊥ and M. Mukhlesur Rahman⊥
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Alimentari, Farmaceutiche e Farmacologiche, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Via Bovio 6, 28100 Novara, Italy, Consorzio per lo Studio dei Metaboliti Secondari (CSMS), Viale S. Ignazio 13, 09123 Cagliari, Italy, Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, U.K., and CRA-CIN Centro di Ricerca per le Colture Industriali, Sede distaccata di Rovigo, Via Amendola 82, 45100 Rovigo, Italy
Received May 1, 2008
Marijuana (Cannabis sativa) has long been known to contain antibacterial cannabinoids, whose potential to address antibiotic resistance has not yet been investigated. All five major cannabinoids (cannabidiol (1b), cannabichromene (2), cannabigerol (3b), Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (4b), and cannabinol (5)) showed potent activity against a variety of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains of current clinical relevance. Activity was remarkably tolerant to the nature of the prenyl moiety, to its relative position compared to the n-pentyl moiety (abnormal cannabinoids), and to carboxylation of the resorcinyl moiety (pre-cannabinoids). Conversely, methylation and acetylation of the phenolic hydroxyls, esterification of the carboxylic group of pre-cannabinoids, and introduction of a second prenyl moiety were all detrimental for antibacterial activity. Taken together, these observations suggest that the prenyl moiety of cannabinoids serves mainly as a modulator of lipid affinity for the olivetol core, a per se poorly active antibacterial pharmacophore, while their high potency definitely suggests a specific, but yet elusive, mechanism of activity......
Given the availability of C. sativa strains producing high concentrations of nonpsychotropic cannabinoids, this plant represents an interesting source of antibacterial agents to address the problem of multidrug resistance in MRSA and other pathogenic bacteria. This issue has enormous clinical implications, since MRSA is spreading throughout the world and, in the United States, currently accounts for more deaths each year than AIDS.24 Although the use of cannabinoids as systemic antibacterial agents awaits rigorous clinical trials and an assessment of the extent of their inactivation by serum,25 their topical application to reduce skin colonization by MRSA seems promising, since MRSA resistant to mupirocin, the standard antibiotic for this indication, are being detected at a threatening rate.26 Furthermore, since the cannabinoid anti-infective chemotype seems remarkably tolerant to modifications in the prenyl moiety, semipurified mixtures of cannabinoids could also be used as cheap and biodegradable antibacterial agents for cosmetics and toiletries, providing an alternative to the substantially much less potent synthetic preservatives, many of which are currently questioned for their suboptimal safety and environmental profile.27 "
If you have anything to share on the subject, please post below. For more information on hemp and how hemp can help us, please visit the USA Hemp Museum, a private museum with a virtual wing. The museum's founder and curator, Richard M. Davis, is releasing his new book HEMP FOR VICTORY: WONDER HERB in the Fall '08. This work, like his first book HEMP FOR VICTORY: A GLOBAL WARMING SOLUTION, is about how to use hemp as a tool to solve our problems including global warming, health empowerment, etc.
Friday, September 5, 2008
This is not presented as an attack on our republican hempsters. We love all hempsters and encourage folks to vote with their soul that looks at least 7 generations ahead.
Gov. Palin and Sen. McCain are NOT pro hemp. They are not even in favor of clean, safe energy.
Any policy that keeps us on toxic energy that is killing us makes no sense.
Hemp energy is an effective element in our clean, non-toxic energy policy.